Elon Musk, the founder and CEO of SpaceX and co-founder of Tesla Motors, introduced the basic concept of Hyperloop Transportation. The idea was to make passengers travel from one place to another at a speed none of us can think of! For this speed, a vacuum tube has to be used.
By the end of 2013, the Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) assured to transform the Musk’s idea into a reality.
The Basic Concept
It all began with the disappointment of Elon Musk with the currently under-development “California High-speed Rail System”. The billionaire inventor thinks of this rail system as a “lackluster”.
And he may be right as this rail system is going to be one of the most expensive and slow-moving travel sources in the world.
The basic concept behind the Hyperloop technology is to transport people and goods at the speed of sound using a vacuum tube train, also called as a “Capsule”.
This capsule is made to move using some interesting technologies and methods those include high power induction motors, magnetic accelerators, air compressors and much more.
What makes it unique?
The one thing that makes this train unique is the maximum speed it can attain, that is about 800/760 MPH, which is three times more than the currently fastest train in the world (namely Shanghai Maglev, having a maximum operational speed of 223 MPH).
Shanghai Manglev is currently the fastest train in the world.
It’s going to be environmental-friendly, making people travel safely at high speed and low cost.
There will be less frontal area, that is, the capsule will be made aerodynamic as to optimize the speed and also the performance.
The maximum supposed height and width are about 6.11 and 4.43 feet respectively, that makes the total area of the capsule to be about 15 sq. feet (with rounded corners).
The doors would possibly open in a gull-wing or sliding manner. For goods, there will be provided a luggage apartment at the front or the back.
The structure weight of a capsule, including the luggage apartment and the door mechanism, is expected to be 6800 lbs.
According to HTT, the train will use a safe levitation technology to move at almost the speed of sound facing least wind resistance. The train will have a capacity to carry a minimum of 1200 customers daily.
The train will use renewable energy for its operation that makes it self-sufficient and also environment-friendly. This is done by using solar panels, so that the required energy can be stored in batteries and also in the form of compressed air.
People would travel from Pittsburgh to Chicago in just 45 minutes, (which takes almost 10 hours if you use a standard train service!) Thanks to the high speed.
The train will use state-of-the-art technology to assure maximum passenger safety, as the system is immune to any weather condition like wind, fog, ice and rain. The capsule will only be allowed to move at a speed that would be safe in the region it’s travelling through. The tube, through which the capsule would move, is supposed to be flexible enough to withstand any calamities like earthquakes and others.
The track is supposed to be made above the ground by the help of pillars made of pylon, having the average height of 20 feet (may vary, depending upon the area of construction). This would minimize any disturbance along the route.
The train will provide transportation service to the passengers at a reduced cost, which could be a huge economic benefit.
Hyperloop Transportation – The Future
According to Dirk Ahlborn, the CEO of Hyperloop Transportation Technologies, the service will be open to the public by 2019. In 2016, he announced agreements about launching the service in Slovakia by building a Hyperloop between Bratislava, Slovakia and Vienna, Austria.Also a Hyperloop will be made to transport people from Bratislava to Budapest, Hungary.
An announcement was made by HTT, in March of 2016, about using a new system called “Inductrack System” for the movement of the Hyperloops.
We are about to see, in the near future, a transportation form that would revolutionize the future of travel by transporting people, goods and vehicles from one place to another at rocket-speed without compromising passenger safety.
The Hyperloop system is designed in such a way that all its components (either software, mechanical or electrical) are going to be reliable, durable and fault-free over its expected service life.
As expected, there are a large number of drones on the market nowadays. Almost all of them have one thing in common that people can’t ride in them. We say “almost all,” because there is one exception that you may not have known. Ehang’s 184 Autonomous Aerial Vehicle (AAV) is the world’s first safest, smartest, eco-friendly passenger drone.
It is designed to provide a medium-short distance, transportation solution. It can carry one passenger at one-time flight.
The 184 is totally designed with green energy and is powered by electricity only. And It is low-altitude flight which minimizes the risk of crashing.
The current body of the 184 features a carbon fiber composite body, an aerial aluminum alloy structure, and eight motors that hold 142 hp/106 kW to eight propellers, which are divided into four groups each having two props, each pair is placed on the top and bottom of one of four arms. These arms can be folded when the drone is parked, which allows it to take up less space.
It has 14.4-kWh charging battery that takes four hours in tickle mode and two hours in fast-charge mode. With a fully charged battery, it can be sufficient to keep one passenger flying for up to 23 munites at sea level. The whole structure weighs 200 kg, and can carry weight up to 120 kg. It has a maximum speed of 62 mph, i.e. (100 km/h) and can reach a maximum height of 11,480 ft, i.e. (3,499 m).
It also has a trunk for storing everything like a backpack or delivery items. Some other features of the first passenger drone are, it has full lights for interior and exterior, a 4G internet connection, an air conditioning system and gull-wing doors.
How Does “The 184 Passenger Drone” Work
First of all, you have to get in, and power it up.
Now select the desired destination by using a 12-inch touchscreen tablet display.
Now press the “take-off” button.
The drone is based on automated flight systems, which will manage all the tasks such as obstacle avoidance, navigation, and communication with air traffic control and other aircraft automatically.
It will always choose the fastest yet safest way from its present location and its destination.
It has Built-in Failsafe systems that will reportedly take over in the case of failures. Also, passengers can get the drone to hover and stop in place if needed.
One of the major problems of densely populated cities is traffic jams. The authorities sometimes go to extreme acts to prevent this, such as introducing road fees for travel. This is not a common thing when we think about the public bus that could carry more than a thousand passengers and transport from one point to another without taking any space on the road. So now it is possible, the Chinese authorities are going to launch an another vehicle known as “Transit Elevated Bus”.
Transit Elevated Will Be The Future Bus
Transit Elevated Bus will be a rail bus, which will move on the main road and transport passengers. This concept of the future bus has been presented about 6 years ago but was never implemented. Now it is going to release in near future.
According to Bai Tsuminya the chief project engineer, Transit Elevated Bus (TEB) would span two traffic lanes and will be able to carry up to 1,200 passengers and will travel up to 40 miles per hour on a special track, allowing regular cars freely pass underneath. Functionality will not yield to the metro and monorail buses. According to the project chief, assembling a Transit Elevated Bus will require less time and money. All the construction and ways can build in a single year. Its width will be 7.8 meters,height 4.6 meters, and length 32 meters. This year, the first Transit Elevated Bus will launch in the China’s city of Qinhuangdao in Hebei Province.
The good thing is that it would run on electricity and it will take the place of 40 normal buses, which could cut annual fuel consumption by 800 tons and carbon discharge by almost 2,500 tons. According to an interview of chief engineer, Song Youzhou, manage by China’s official news agency, “It will be less expensive than a subway system and it does not involve digging up the ground”.